What was the name of Jesus before 1546

Martin Luther (1483--1546)

The German reformer Martin Luther, born and died in Eisleben, was initially (from 1505) an Augustinian hermit and therefore based his theology on Augustine. It is commonly believed that he was in Rome on religious matters in 1510/11. He probably had his quarters in the Sant'Agostino monastery, where the order general resided at the time. It is certain that in this context he also undertook a pilgrimage to the seven main churches of Rome. He himself later reports on the prayer at the “Scala santa”, the sacred staircase. Luther returned home disappointed by the grievances of the Renaissance papacy. The divine grace that justifies man before God was the decisive insight he gained from reading Romans in connection with his exegetical studies. This insight freed him from the “righteousness of works” which assumes that he has to achieve something before God in order to be able to stand before him. This assumption had spread through the grievances of the indulgence for sale. The realization that God accepts people as they are, freed Martin Luther in his image of God. Of course, as a result of acceptance by God, man also acts accordingly. But God justifies the sinner who turns to him.

It was not possible to really discuss Luther's theses, which denounced indulgences (1517). The reform forces within the Catholic Church (Catholic Reform) could not yet prevail at this time. The bull threatening Martin Luther followed in 1520, followed by the bull of excommunication in 1521, the imperial ban and excommunication. In 1521/22 he translated the New Testament at the Wartburg. While Pope Hadrian VI. comes into office, the reformation unrest begins in Wittenberg.

Luther dies on February 18 in Eisleben and is buried on February 22 in the castle church in Wittenberg.

For further background information, see the relevant specialist literature.

The film Gratia Dei asks what possibilities a dialogue between the reform forces would have opened up.

In general, 4 solos are associated with Luther's theology, which can be formulated ecumenically as follows (with the document from conflict to community):

  • Solus Christ - Jesus Christ is the foundation, standard and goal of every Christian life.
  • Sola gratia - only grace justifies man before God, it is God himself who opens up his offer of love to man in Jesus Christ, man must agree.
  • Sola fide - Man is justified by faith alone and not by works / deeds, which of course follow as evidence of genuine faith.
  • Sola scriptura - Holy Scripture alone is the decisive basis of faith and not tradition. Of course, this means that the Holy Scriptures were first handed down orally and then in writing. The early Christians and the fellowship of the Church handed down the scriptures. In this respect, the Holy Scriptures cannot be separated from their process of transmission.
Life data of Martin Luther
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Dr. theol. Ulrike Wick-Alda © 2021