Is the mutilation of infant circumcision

clipping : It's routine in the US

In the United States, circumcision is still a routine procedure to this day. According to the World Health Organization, around 30 percent of all boys and men around the world are circumcised, the proportion in America is around 70 percent. The rate is highest in the states on the east coast, such as New York, a city with a large Jewish community that also runs and finances numerous hospitals.

There is less circumcision on the west coast. In the liberal metropolis of San Francisco, the topic was even voted on last year: A group of activists wanted to completely ban the circumcision of babies - a majority was not found, but since then other groups have been organizing in other cities with the same goal. The background to this is the knowledge that circumcision is primarily a religious ritual that does not actually bring any noticeable health benefits. The American Pediatric Association has publicly stated on numerous occasions that with routine circumcision, the medical benefits did not justify the risks.

Regardless of the general discussion, a circumcision ritual of the ultra-Orthodox Jews in particular has recently come under massive criticism. With the "metzitzah b'peh" - literally translated: oral-genital circumcision - the circumciser takes the baby's penis into his mouth to suck blood from the wound. Between 2000 and 2011, eleven babies were infected with herpes in New York alone, and ten had to be treated in hospital. Two babies suffered permanent brain damage and two more died. New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg appealed to rabbis in 2005 to distance themselves from the practice, but met resistance: Oral-genital circumcision is safe and will continue, it said.

In countries that have high medical standards such as Norway, France, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Japan and England, the therapeutic need for circumcision in boys is now denied. In countries such as the UK and Canada, health insurers have long since abandoned the practice of paying for circumcision, and the number of these interventions has dropped dramatically.

In all Muslim countries, however, circumcision is common. In the Arab world it was traditionally performed with an ancient stone or slate knife - usually by a barber, a wandering circumciser, sometimes also by the father. In the meantime, for hygienic reasons, the procedure is being performed more and more by doctors and in clinics. Depending on regional customs, it takes place between the 7th day after birth and the age of 15 - and is celebrated as a feast day.

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