What is the 1 2 3 rule

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General workflows

Retrospect Backup makes it easy to implement a 3-2-1 backup rule. For any scenario, the best approach is to have a backup script with a local destination and a backup transfer script to the external destination. Using a transfer script to copy backups to a second location allows you to do the operation offline without having to use the original source. If you go beyond the 3-2-1 backup rule, you get additional data insurance. You can use a second cloud storage location (a 3-2-2 strategy) or NAS, tape, and cloud (3-3-2) for further redundancy.

Let's go through a couple of 3-2-1 workflows.

Data carrier and cloud

The combination of local hard drives and cloud storage locations is a common pattern for a small business backup strategy. An available backup on a local hard drive leads to a very fast recovery time, since the local network allows a much higher bandwidth. Remote backup to a cloud location protects your business data from disasters, malware, and other problems as they arise.

NAS and cloud

NAS devices are an inexpensive location for on-site backups. Using a NAS on site ensures a large dedicated storage pool and high bandwidth for your backups. By transferring these backups to the cloud as an offline process, you can avoid touching the original source multiple times.

Hard drive and tape

Hard drives remain the most common storage media, and tape continues to make advances in terms of speed and storage capacity. With a local hard drive, you can quickly back up your environment and make the backups available for quick recovery. Using a tape library for offsite storage allows you to store your backups in a secure location (such as a security locker or third-party storage lock) that you have physical access to, unlike in the cloud.