What foods contain nicotine

Does tomato contain nicotine? The is the truth

Lately, rumors of “nicotine in tomatoes” have panicked a lot of people. Experts said the nicotine levels in tomatoes are "very low" and basically negligible. In fact, not only tomatoes but many foods also contain nicotine.

Date: nicotine content in various foods

Cauliflower: 16.8 ng of nicotine per gram of food; 1 microgram of nicotine per 59.5 grams.

Eggplant: contains 100.0 nanograms of nicotine per gram of food; 1 microgram of nicotine per 10 grams.

Potatoes: 7.1 nanograms of nicotine per gram of food; 1 microgram of nicotine per 140 grams.

green tomatoes: 42.8 ng of nicotine per gram of food; 1 microgram of nicotine per 23.4 grams.

cooked tomatoes: 4.3 ng nicotine per gram of food; 1 microgram of nicotine per 233.0 grams.

Tomato sauce: 52.0 nanograms of nicotine per gram of food; 1 microgram of nicotine per 19.2 grams.

One microgram of nicotine corresponds to a 3-hour stay in a room with a faint smell of smoke. Each cigarette contains approximately 7 milligrams of nicotine, of which approximately 1 milligram is absorbed.

using aubergines as an example, the amount of nicotine contained in 10 kilograms of aubergines corresponds to the amount consumed by a cigarette. In fact, however, the rate of absorption of nicotine in the digestive tract is lower and nicotine can be metabolized quickly. so its impact is not near. (Data source is New England Journal of Medicine Vol. 329, p. 437)

Interesting Fact: Nicotine found food in 1852

"In fact, people have long discovered that other solanaceae contain nicotine in addition to tobacco," said Fan Zhihong, an associate professor of nutrition and food safety at the China Agricultural University Food College. Many types of solanaceous plants are loved by humans. and a large number of crops such as eggplant, tomato and peppers, sweet peppers from spices, potatoes used as a staple food by Europeans, and quail known for their health, all belong to the Solanaceae. As early as 1852 it was discovered that rotten potatoes contained nicotine.

There are also recent studies that show that some mushrooms have higher levels of nicotine. Research data submitted to the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) shows that the nicotine concentration in wild mushrooms such as boletus and truffles is up to 0.5 mg / kg. However, further studies have shown that nicotine is a natural metabolite of the fungus itself and not a contaminated residue of the nicotinic insecticide.

Exaggeration: Online reports exaggerate the harm from nicotine

Even if the nicotine levels in these vegetables are extremely low, there are always people who worry about what to do if a small amount of toxic substances accumulates over a long period of time. in fact, there is no need to worry as the metabolic breakdown of nicotine in the human body is very rapid. Otherwise, one cannot understand why smokers inhale so much smoke every day. When nicotine daily smoking is extracted and injected intravenously, the amount far exceeds the lethal dose and can survive for several decades. it's precisely because nicotine is a small intake, and then quickly detoxifying your metabolism.

According to Li Guangping, a state nutritionist, online reports have exaggerated the harm nicotine does to the human body. Even people who prefer certain vegetables like tomatoes, potatoes, and peppers don't need to worry. Using the example of tomatoes, the consumption of nicotine for tens of kilograms of tomatoes can damage the human body. This also applies to raw tomatoes. .

Popular Science: What Exactly Is Nicotine?

Nicotine is a highly toxic ingredient. The nicotine content of a cigarette is around 1 mg / kg. A lively horse can be killed by injecting 8 drops of nicotine intravenously. The nicotine in a cigarette is extracted and injected into mice to make it die. The taste of cigarettes keeps animals and insects away as they intuitively know that tobacco is poisonous. However, nicotine is also highly addictive. This is one of the main reasons why smokers are obsessed with smoke. it's exciting and calm. It increases blood pressure and is harmful to the cardiovascular system.

If you hear a food that contains toxic substances, don't panic right away. to ask a few questions first:

1. How high is this pollutant content? is it possible to have a significant level of harmful effects?

2. How much food can this food containing such toxic substances be eaten per day?

3. Can this poisonous substance be broken down during cooking?

4. Will this toxic substance build up in the body over a long period of time or will it be broken down and eliminated quickly?

5. Does this food contain any other useful ingredients besides toxic substances?

6. What other foods did you eat in addition to this meal?

7. Is your overall lifestyle healthy?