Baltimore is the largest city in the US state of Maryland, but not its capital (that is Annapolis). The city is notorious as a socio-economic hotspot with high levels of violent crime, but it also offers visitors a number of very attractive attractions such as B. one of the most beautiful inner city harbors in the USA.
British colonization of what is now Baltimore's urban area began in the 17th century. At that point there were very few here Native Americans. The Susquehannock who lived in the northeast only came here to hunt. In 1661 David Jones settled where the Jonestown district is today. After tobacco growing in Maryland gained importance, 1706 was on the area of what is now the borough Locust Point the port of Baltimore was established. 1729 followed the founding of the Town of Baltimore. Namesake was the administrator of the colony Maryland, Cecil Calvert, second Baron Baltimore (1605-1675). In the 18th century, Baltimore gained further importance as a storage place for the sugar grown in the Caribbean.
In 1796/97 the Town of Baltimore the City of Baltimore, and in 1851 the city finally emancipated itself from the surrounding county. There has been gas lighting here since 1816. With the expansion of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad the movement of goods was accelerated. Tobacco and sugar cane became less important; In the early 19th century, the city owed its wealth primarily to the timber industry, shipbuilding and textile production. In 1844, the world's first telegraph connection was opened between Baltimore and Washington. During the Great Depression of 1873–1879, workers' uprisings broke out in Baltimore. In 1904, large parts of downtown fell victim to a major fire.
In the 20th century - especially the 1950s and 1960s - hundreds of thousands of African Americans moved to Baltimore. A push factor for this migration was the miserable living conditions in the Deep South, and the pull factor was the low rents in the centers, because the white population of cities like Baltimore discovered their preference for living in green suburbs after the Second World War. Today nearly two-thirds of the population of Baltimore are African American. In response to the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. it came to in April 1968 Baltimore Riot. The city has recorded very high murder rates since then (1993: 344 murders, with a population of around 100,000), with mostly African-American victims.
Efforts to redevelop the city have been taking hold since the 1980s. The main attraction was the Inner Harbor and the sports stadiums. The port of Baltimore is the second largest in the Mid-Atlantic States after New York / New Jersey. The city's largest employer is Johns Hopkins University and its affiliated hospitals. However, the socio-economic problems remain massive. So are z. B. 84% of children attending public schools in Baltimore are poor enough to be eligible for discounted or free cafeteria meals. Almost a quarter of the population lives below the poverty line.
Baltimore has one international airport at 39.1782209-76.66754181(IATA: BWI). It is by far the largest airport in Maryland and is located on the outskirts of the suburb of Linthicum, approximately 10 miles south of downtown. It is mainly served by the low-cost airlines Southwest Airlines and Spirit Airlines, which offer numerous domestic American connections. The most frequently flown connections are with Atlanta, Orlando, Fort Lauderdale, Charlotte and Boston.
Condor flies from Frankfurt to Baltimore.
The airport is well connected by public transport. The Light Rail takes you from the airport to downtown Baltimore in just over half an hour. There is a train station (BWI Airport rail station) around 3 km from the airport. There you can change to the Penn Line MARC regional trains, which go to Washington Union Station, Baltimore Penn Station and Perryville, among others. Amtrak long-distance trains to Philadelphia and New York City as well as Washington and further into the southern states also stop here. Shuttle buses run between the airport and the train station.
If a direct flight to BWI is not possible, you can alternatively use Washington-Reagan (DCA; 70 km away) or Washington-Dulles (IAD; 100 km) airports.
Amtrak maintains various train connections to numerous destinations in the United States. Baltimore is the most heavily trafficked Northeastern Corridor (Boston-New York City-Philadelphia-Washington D.C). With the high-speed train Acela Express The drive takes about half an hour from Washington, 1:05 hours from Philadelphia, 2:20 hours from New York City, 6:20 hours from Boston.
39.307321-76.6156642 is located on Charles Street in Midtown.
There is another long-distance train station at BWI Airport.
The city is served by several bus companies:
- . From New York. Last change: not specified
- . From New York. Last change: not specified
- . From New York (7th, 33rd Street) to Marc Penn Station in Baltimore. Last change: not specified
- last change: not specified
On the street 
Baltimore is at the intersection of I-70 (Pittsburgh), I-83 (Harrisburg) and I-95 (New York City, Philadelphia; Washington, D.C.).
Fort McHenry 
Type is group designation
- 39.286017-76.6096582. The 123.5 m high tower has the shape of a regular pentagon and offers a fantastic view of the Inner Harbor. Price: Access for adults € 6. Last change: Dec. 2015 (information may be out of date)
- 39.289818-76.623344 Westminster Hall and Burying Ground3Type is group nameWestminster Hall and Burying Ground, Grave of E.A.Poe
- ,. Usonian built in 1939 (privately owned home; not much to see from the street). Cult architect Frank Lloyd Wright left only two works in Maryland. The second is the spectacular Robert Llewellyn Wright House in Bethesda (7927 Deepwell Dr), a suburb of Washington, D.C., which the architect built for his youngest son in 1958.Type is group designation
More z. B. here.
- 39.29441-76.61618Mariä Himmelfahrt4Typ is the group name of the Basilica of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, built 1806-1821, since 1993 a national shrine
- 39.358611-76.626111Mary Queen5Type is group name Cathedral of the Queen, built 1954-1959
- 39.291633-76.609927 Zion Church6Type is group name Zion Church of the City
- 39.2975-76.615833 Washington Monument7Type is group nameWashington Monument.
- 39.296568-76.6160778,. Tel .: +1 410-547-9000. Open: Wed-Sun 10 a.m.-5 p.m., Thu 10 a.m.-9 p.m. Price: free admission, last change: Sep. 2015 (information may be out of date)
- 39.280413-76.60687310 (),. Tel .: +1 410-244-1900. Art museum of a different kind. The works on display here all come from artists who had no formal training and who therefore deviate from the mainstream, as it usually prevails in art museums, in a refreshing and thought-provoking way. 2015 (information may be out of date)
- 39.285389-76.63264811,. Tel .: +1 410-752-2490. Open: Mon-Sat 10 a.m.-4 p.m., Sun 11 a.m.-4 p.m. Price: $ 20 (children 2-12 years: $ 12, seniors 60+ $ 17). Last change: Sep. 2015 (information may be out of date)
- , (25 minutes north of Downtown Baltimore). This extraordinary and little-known museum is housed in the offices of an IT company and is run as a hobby of one of the managers. The collection includes historical computing devices, historical "computer toys" and, above all, a wide range of historical computers. You can see a Curta, an Altair 8800 and a PDP-12, among others. The exhibition can be viewed on your own during opening hours. Real geeks communicate with the curator beforehand and ask for a personal tour, which he will be happy to give free of charge if he is in the house on the day in question. Open: Mon-Fri 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Price: Free admission. last change: Feb. 2018 (information may be out of date)
- 39.29129-76.6330712 (), (a good 10 minutes west of downtown). One of two American museums whose exhibits are entirely dedicated to the writer (the other is in Richmond, Virginia). The small and outwardly very inconspicuous house was Poe's residence from 1833 to 1836. No on-site parking lot. Last change: Feb. 2018 (information may be out of date)Type is group designation
- , (a few blocks northwest of the Inner Harbor). Museum with exhibits on the history of dentistry, dental forensics and the biology of the tooth. Open: Mon-Fri 9 a.m.-4 p.m. Price: $ 7 (children 3 to 12 years old: $ 5). Last updated: Feb. 2018 (information may be out of date )
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