What does NUT

What are nuts

A nut is a nut is a nut. For consumers, it's pretty straightforward. But botanists naturally take it a little more precisely.

"Real" nuts

So: not everything that we call, buy and consume as nuts is actually nuts. Hazelnuts, walnuts or macadamia nuts are rightly called what they are called. From a botanical point of view, they are nut fruits in which the seed is encased in a wood-like shell. Nuts fall from the tree in their shells, which is why nuts are also counted among the closing fruits. In addition to hazelnuts, macadamia nuts and walnuts, the sweet chestnut is one of these "real" nuts. What we eat in the process is the seed of the fruit.

Legumes and drupes

The peanut, on the other hand, is a legume and is therefore related to peas and beans. Pistachios and pecans are stone fruits and therefore in a group with peaches, plums or olives. It is characterized by the fact that only the inner pericarp is lignified. So here we are not eating the seed, but the kernel.

Capsule fruits

The Brazil nut, which used to be found on every Christmas plate, is neither a nut nor a stone fruit, but is a capsule fruit. Here, too, the pulp is lignified; this is where the seeds we eat are located. The "nuts" grow in large fruit capsules on the tree.

Because they crack so nicely under the teeth and are always with the nuts in the supermarket, pine nuts are often counted among the nuts. Pine nuts grow in the cones of the pine tree, which is widespread in the Mediterranean, where we eat the soft core after the hard shell has been removed.