What fruits have died out?

Search list of lost historical fruit varieties

In historical literature there are many more types of fruit described than we know and can determine with certainty today. During the heyday of pomology from 1850 to 1900, approx. 900 apple and approx. 1000 pear varieties alone were found in the various German-language specialist books.

Most of these varieties are now considered lost, which does not necessarily mean that the varieties are extinct. Fortunately, fruit trees can survive several generations. So it is quite possible that some of these varieties have survived to this day and that we have even found trees of some of these varieties.


Pomologists rely on traditional knowledge, which unfortunately, in many cases, has not been passed on through the last generations. If there is no one left who knows the varieties with their characteristics, it becomes difficult to identify them, because the descriptions in the literature alone can only be used to clearly assign varieties in relatively rare cases. Such identifications can only succeed if a variety is documented with suitable references such as detailed color illustrations or historical fruit stone samples. The likelihood of successful identification increases if a variety has very special, characteristic features (e.g. calyx tube for apples, yellow fruit color for cherries) and these are mentioned accordingly in the variety description.


In some cases there are even trees that bear the name of varieties that were previously thought to be lost, but for which we do not yet know for sure whether they are true to the variety. These are, for example, trees in collections of varieties that agree with the description of the literature, but whose descriptions are too imprecise for reliable identification and for which there are no contemporary witnesses who can confirm the identity. Or varieties (especially regional varieties) that are introduced to us by local residents by their names, but for which there is no confirmation in the literature.


We would therefore like to ask for your help:

If you own one of the varieties mentioned in the appendix or if you know one of them, please contact us!

We also have another request: Old tree nursery directories are helpful for identifying old fruit varieties; if you are in possession of tree nursery directories from before 1955, it would be nice if you could give us a copy, in such a case simply contact one of the coordinators .



  • Bailiff's apple
  • Floor fields Renette
  • German gold pepping
  • Dr. Seelig's orange pepping
  • Noble prince
  • Freiburg prince
  • Franzdruwapfel
  • Gaesdonker Renette
  • Yellow Kasseler Renette
  • Grand Richard
  • Hagensche Goldrenette
  • Hartwig's autumn apple
  • Holsteiner Rosenhäger
  • Marbled summer pepping
  • Mecklenburg junker apple
  • Prince Michel
  • Scipio's Renette
  • Nicer from Rosdorf
  • Vollbrechts Borsdorfer
  • White warrior
  • White summer pigeon
  • White summer pigeon apple
  • White winter pigeon apple



  • Arenbergs Colmar
  • Brown-red bacon pear
  • Bremen butter pear
  • Darmstadt bergamot
  • Archbishop Hons
  • Green Princely Table Pear
  • Handball
  • Hanoverian Jakobsbirne
  • Hellmann's melon pear
  • Hentze`s butter pear
  • Hildesheim bergamot
  • Hildesheim melon pear
  • Lenzener Burgbirne
  • Moringer miracle pear
  • Schnackenburger
  • Witkiel butter pear
  • all bitter orange pears


  • Amphurian cartilaginous cherry
  • Bettenburger heart cherry
  • Boitzeburger
  • Büttner's black heart cherry
  • Cardorf morning
  • Earliest colorful heart cherry
  • Common marble cherry
  • Hildesheim Late Cartilage Cherry
  • Knights Early Heart Cherry
  • Kruger Heart Cherry
  • Beautiful from Ohio
  • Belle of Orléans
  • Black eagles
  • Top-quality heart cherry
  • Tilgener's black cartilage
  • Tear muscatel
  • Winkler's black cartilage cherry


Bastard cherries

  • Doctor cherry
  • Follower cherry
  • Kleparower Sweet Pudding
  • Natte (early from the, double)
  • Red corn cherry
  • Beautiful from Choisy


Sour cherries

  • Bouquetamarelle
  • Erfurt August cherry
  • Great gobet



  • Biondeck's early plum
  • Nipple plum (syn.Mamelonnée)
  • Date plum, green and purple
  • Diaprée (purple and white)
  • Egg plum (blue, red, Oberdiecks striped)
  • Manor houses Mirabelle
  • Italian green plum
  • Queen of the Mirabelle plums
  • Royal Plum from Tours
  • Open face
  • Lucas Royal Plum
  • Montfort (after Röder)
  • Nienburger egg plum
  • Perdrigon (more colorful, violet, Norman, later etc.)
  • Rangheris Mirabelle