What can volcanoes create?

Volcanoes for schoolchildren

Extinct volcanoes

At some point a volcano also dies, but then it is called extinction. A volcano that has not been active for 10,000 years is counted among the extinct volcanoes. "Hot spot" volcanoes are considered extinct when they have migrated over the hot spots in the Earth's upper mantle. Thus, in the case of volcanic chains created by a "hot spot", only the youngest volcano that is currently located above the hot spot is active.

What happens to an extinct volcano? Since there are no more eruptions that bring new rock to the surface of the earth, the volcano no longer grows. However, it is also not retained in its shape and size. The volcanic mountain stands in the landscape and is exposed to rain, wind, ice, snow and sun. The weather makes the volcano to create. Heavy rains wash out the rock, temperature differences make it brittle and the wind rubs against the rock like a piece of sandpaper. All of these processes are called erosion. They cause the volcano to shrink until it can no longer be seen.


Image: The extinct volcano Stromboliccio.

Which volcanoes are extinct? The Kaiserstuhl and the Vogelsberg are extinct volcanoes very close to us. They were the largest volcanoes in Germany. All volcanoes of the volcanic island chain of Hawaii are extinct except for Mauna Loa and Kilauea on the island of Hawaii. Even in the Alps there were once volcanoes, but all that remains of them is rock fragments. The actual volcanic mountains are completely gone.

Nevertheless, there are also volcanoes that can only break out again after several hundred thousand years of calm. An example of these volcanoes is the Yellowstone volcano in the USA. Between its eruptive phases, the volcano rests for 600,000 years.

That brings us to the end of our excursion into the world of volcanoes. I hope you enjoyed reading as much as I did writing!
Here again the links to the volcano quiz and the worksheets. New are free volcano photos in print quality.