Are sinus infections transferable

Bacterial sinusitis

What is bacterial sinusitis?

Bacterial sinusitis is a bacterial infection of the sinuses (cavities in the bones of the face around the nose). Bacterial sinusitis often follows a viral infection, such as a cold or flu. The most common symptoms are nasal congestion and pain or pressure in the area around the nose.

Bacterial sinusitis can be treated with anti-inflammatory or decongestant drugs, as well as antibiotics, as needed. In most cases, people with bacterial sinusitis recover without any symptoms within two weeks.

Another name for bacterial sinusitis: inflammation or infection of the sinuses.

Triggers and causes of bacterial sinusitis

Bacterial sinusitis can follow a cold or flu infection. Women may be slightly more likely to develop bacterial sinusitis than men. The disease is caused by bacteria that live in the nose, throat, and sometimes the mouth.

People with:

  • Allergies,
  • Nasal polyps or
  • oblique nasal septum (the wall between the two nasal cavities)

can be a little more prone to bacterial sinusitis as it makes it easier for bacteria to infect the sinuses. In people with infections in their teeth or mouth, the infection can spread to the sinuses.

What are the symptoms of bacterial sinus infection?

The common symptoms are:

  • a stuffy nose as well
  • Pain or pressure in the area around the nose,
  • Pain or pressure in the forehead, around the eyes, or in the upper jaw.

The pain often worsens when bending forward.

More symptoms are:

  • a runny nose,
  • A headache,
  • Earache,
  • Fatigue or
  • Fever.

When this disease If the sinus infection lasts longer than ten days, it is more likely to be caused by bacteria than viruses.

If you are unsure whether these symptoms apply to you, start a symptom analysis.

Diagnosis and examination

Diagnosis is made based on symptoms and a physical exam. In complicated cases, computed tomography (CT) can be done to examine the sinuses and confirm the diagnosis.

How is bacterial sinusitis treated?

Most cases of bacterial sinusitis get better without antibiotics. Antibiotics are given when symptoms persist. In many cases, however, home remedies are sufficient. For some people it can Inhalation of moist air or steamsuch as taking a warm shower to help relieve symptoms.

Anti-inflammatory drugs (such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen) can help reduce the pain and swelling in your nose and face. Decongestant sprays or tablets are also helpful in relieving symptoms.

What is the prognosis?

Bacterial sinusitis usually gets better within two weeks without taking antibiotics. If symptoms persist or worsen after 10 to 14 days, giving an antibiotic may help. Some people may develop a long-lasting sinus infection, but this is unusual. Most people recover from bacterial sinusitis well.

How can you prevent sinusitis?

Taking general measures to prevent the cold or flu from spreading both at home and in the public domain can help prevent some cases of bacterial sinusitis. Visiting the dentist regularly can help prevent the occasional bacterial sinusitis.