Why is barbatos considered a daemon

Barbetos and the four kings

"War of the Kings" is about the allegiance of a powerful demon that has stayed behind in our world. Freed from the shackles of obedience, they establish a reign of terror and start a war against one another, dividing people into collateral damage or useful tools.

Barbatos (or Barbetos) is not my invention. He is the eighth of the 72 demons (Pseudomonarchia daemonum) listed in the Ars Goetia and comes from the first of the five circles of hell. He is one of those demons who can be summoned; its origin is Hebrew.

The sign of the Barbato

Barbatos is a fallen angel, bears the title Count and Duke of Hades / Duke of Hell / Duke of the heavenly angels and has four kings under her, who also have an entourage. He commands 30 legions of spirits, his outward appearance is that of a man (or a hunter with a bow). He is preceded by a crowd of musicians. He should understand the language of animals and he belongs to the order of powers.

Barbatos only appears when the sun is in Sagittarius. His skills include knowledge of all sciences and knowledge of hidden treasures. He also knows the past and the future. He appeases the mighty and reconciles friends. He belongs to the order of virtues or powers (here the sources are not entirely in agreement).

Below are a few initial sources that put me on the trail of Barbato ‘.

The following entry can be found in "Die Kinder Lucifer" (Verlag Clemens Zerling, 1989):
Great and mighty demon, count duke in the underworld, Robin Hood type; he shows himself in the form of an archer or a hunter whom one meets in the woods. Four kings blow their horns before him. He teaches prophesying through the singing of birds, the roar of bulls, the barking of dogs, and the screams of various other animals. He knows the treasures buried by magicians and reconciles friends who have fallen out.
This demon, formerly of the rank of principalities or even rulers, is now limited to commanding thirty infernal legions. He knows the past and the future.

The following can be found in Goetia (Schikowski-Verlag, 1980):
The eighth spirit is Barbatos. He is a great duke and appears when the sun is in Sagittarius with four noble kings and their company of large troops. He gives understanding of the song of birds and the voices of other creatures, as well as the barking of dogs.
He breaks open hidden treasures that have been hidden by the magic of magicians.
He belonged to the order of virtues, of which he has preserved some parts; and he knows all things past and coming, and reconciles friends and appeases those in power.
He rules over 30 legions of spirits. His seal of obedience is this that, as I said, you should wear in front of you.

The following information can be found in "Pseudomonarchia daemonum" (Wierus, 1563):
Barbatos magnus comes & dux, apparet in signo sagittarii silvestris cum quatuor regibus tubas ferentibus. Intelligit cantus avium, canum latratus, mugitus boum & cunctorum animalium: thesauros item à magis & incantatoribus reconditos, detegit: Et est ex ordine virtutum, partim dominationum. Triginta præsidet legionibus. Novit præterita & futura: tam amicorum quam inimicorum animos conciliat.
Barbatos - a great companion and guide, he appears as an archer in the sign of the forest, with four royal trumpets of wild animals. He understands the singing of the birds, the barking of the dogs, the roar of the oxen and the entire animal world: He brings back treasures through magic: He is from the ranks of the brave, partly from the rulership: He commands 30 legions. He masters the things of the past and the future: he mediates between friends and enemies with all his heart.

I found the following entry on the Internet (unfortunately I no longer know the source; if someone can help me - go ahead!):
Barbatos Rank: Duke Legions: 30. Strongest: Late April and when the sun is in Sagittarius Demon Summoning: Daytime, black candles, ivy, copper, dirt
Barbatos is a demon of communication. Like some of his fellow demons, he tells the summoner of details concerning the past and future and has the power to mend broken relationships as well as create new ones. In particular, he can create friendships between any two people and he also can influence men and women in positions of power. These last two powers can be particularly powerful in combination where a person can not only befriend a person of power but also influence them toward their interests.
The communication powers don't stop there. Barbatos also has the power to give voices to animals, meaning that he can make it so that the conjurer understands what animals are trying to communicate to human beings. It is unlikely that this means the animal in question will actually speak in human language. More likely the demon Duke creates a sort of telepathic translator in order for humans to understand the thoughts being conveyed.
While there are other demons can also help lead the summoner to hidden treasures, Barbatos has the special ability to help the summoner find treasures that are hidden or via magical enchantment. Not only that, but if an item is locked away by magical enchantment, Barbatos can magically unlock this for the conjurer.
Though the Latin word "barbatus" means "bearded", the demon Barbatos is not believed to have a beard in his "human" form, though he does have long, white hair and feathery white wings. When he appears to the summoner he comes with quite an entourage. Four "kings" and their troops follow him when he communicates with humans.
He was once part of the 12 Orders of Angels - specifically the Order of Virtues. It is said that he still retains some sort of credentials with that group, though how this specifically works out is hard to say.

Also in Wikimedia.org: Barbatos is an Earl and Duke of Hell, ruling thirty legions of demons and has four kings as his companions to command his legions. He gives the understanding of the voices of the animals, says past and future, conciliates friends and rulers, and he can lead men to hidden treasures that have been hidden by the enchantment of magicians. His name seems to derive from Latin’barbatus ‘, bearded, old man, philosopher. He is mentioned in The Lesser Key of Salomon.

At first glance, Barbatos doesn't seem so bad as demon fingers. But let's not fool ourselves: he is not a person, he has no conscience, no soul, but a powerful title, and he comes from hell. Fallen angels aren't exactly known for their love for humans.

And as far as his subjects are concerned: There you go, there are four previously very powerful kings who were thrown from their earthly existence directly into Hades (because of the tiny atrocities that now occur when you want to do your job as ruler well ...) and now to obey a disembodied non-being for all eternity and beyond. Of course you use every opportunity to take your traditional place again and take revenge on those who once sent you to hell - the ungrateful human beast! All the extraordinary abilities that one receives as a non-dead king in the afterlife are very helpful.

In “War of the Kings” I dealt extensively with the four kings and the legions of Barbatos. I didn't find any further sources on Barbato's ‘followers, so the creative side of my brain was allowed to let off steam. But the boss himself is not neglected either ...