Why aren't there rich massage therapists
The history of massage
Let's start with the term first massage per se. If you listen carefully, this word actually sounds neither like our Swiss neighbors (who invented so much), nor like the Swedish language. But is not sometimes also from that Swedish massage the speech? With France one is more correct in terms of sound. The old romantics have always had a tough time anyway ...
Where's a mammoth when you need it?
Where and by whom massage was actually invented in the broadest sense can hardly be answered. Probably some Stone Age woman's feet ached after the laborious gathering of berries and mushrooms in the evening. And because there was no mammoth in sight to be protected from, the partner was able to massage her feet a little. Where that happened is difficult to say, if only because place-name signs had not yet been invented at that time.
In the Greek language means μάσσω as much as "chew, knead", in Arabic مس stands for "touch, feel". The Spanish amasar is translated as "knead" or "knead through" and the French mass simply means »massage«.
This makes two things clear:
- There are different approaches to massage.
- Kneading is an essential part of massages.
The Hebrew also contains the name Maschiach, translated: "the anointed". After all, what would a massage be without oil?
There is no question that people have always stroked, rubbed or pressed painful parts of the body intuitively. On the homepage of his massage offers, Tilo puts it even more beautifully:
The real appeal of a massage or facial treatment corresponds to a basic need of every person - touch. It is the simplest and most intense form of human contact.
It's been a long time
Massages as we know them have been around since around 2700–2600 BC. Known. Written records of massage techniques have been handed down from the "yellow emperor" Huáng Dì. Much later, namely only around 460-370 BC. Then the massages found their way to Europe. A certain Hippocrates (exactly, the one with the oath) ensured with his knowledge and treatments that massages spread further. In later times, massages even made for a better recovery of the Roman gladiators. Unbureaucratic rehabilitation measures without any health insurance, if you will. Hippocrates had done a good job. But really hip Massages were somehow not anymore for a long time. You know that from the Asterix comics: In the end, the Romans usually didn't look really fresh anymore.
Another important doctor of antiquity was the Greek Galenus. This used to be correct Enjoyed the topic and wrote a lot of essays about which treatments and massages should be used for which diseases. There was only one catch: he had no idea. Or about as much as Klaus Wowereit about building an airport. At least many of his views on human anatomy were downright wrong. Galenos had made sections on pigs, monkeys and dogs and then simply transferred his findings to humans. The medical wowi of antiquity, however, diligently wrote one book after the other. Until his statements became the quasi-standard. There you see it again: if you write, you stay.
It was not until the end of the Middle Ages that the doctor Paracelsus took up the subject again. He was characterized above all by the fact that he had a holistic view of the people and his patients - an absolute novelty for the time. It was also he who discovered Galenos' false assumptions. However, it did not make himself particularly popular with most of his colleagues. And so it is not surprising that his death in 1541 left much room for speculation.
It was only the French doctor Ambroise Paré who managed to establish massage in modern medicine. He is considered a pioneer of modern surgery and used massages as rehabilitation measures after operations. However, mainly French kings, whose surgeon was Paré, benefited from this. The clocks ticked more slowly back then and so citizens of the common people probably did not enjoy massages very often. Paré died in Paris in 1590. Obviously, his work must have made a big impression, as massages reached their absolute peak in France during the 17th and 18th centuries. The name also comes from this era massage as well as the names of the corresponding massage handles.
At least one question remains open: Why is the classic massage as we know it today often also called Swedish massage designated? You will learn more about this in one of the next blog articles. Until then, I hope you enjoyed this little excursion into the history of massage.
Do you have any questions about the history of massage or one of the personalities mentioned here? Then simply use the comment system below this article for questions, comments or feedback. Tilo and I would love to read from you.
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