How big is India in relation to the region

India

Federal Parliamentary Republic
independent since 1947

Region:

South Asia

Surface:

3,287,259 km²

Local name:

Bharat / भारत गणराज्य

Capital:

New Delhi


geography

India is a country between the Indian Ocean and the Himalayas. The land has a total area of ​​3,287,259 km² and a total coastline of 7,000 km. This land mass is roughly 9.2 times the size of Germany. This makes India the second largest country in Asia after China and the seventh largest country in the world. It is divided into numerous geographical zones on its exceptionally large area. On average it is at an altitude of 621 m above sea level.

The country has around 1,200 islands, some of which are uninhabited. There are direct national borders with the 8 neighboring countries Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, China, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. The distance between Berlin and the capital New Delhi is approximately 5,790 km.

The currency in India is the Indian rupee (INR).
1 rupee is divided into 100 paises.
Status: May 21, 2021

1 euro = 89.29 rupees
1000 rupees = 11.20 euros

The climate in India

With an extension of over 2900 km from north to south, it is difficult to make a general statement about the climate. The individual parts of the country would be too different for this. In India, as in all equatorial countries, there is a predominantly tropical climate. There is no difference between the seasons as there is in Central Europe. The length of the day hardly fluctuates and the temperature differences between summer and winter are also smaller. The average maximum daily temperatures are between 25 and 35 degrees, depending on the season. In some parts of the country, the values ​​can reach up to 42 degrees during the day. In the colder months, depending on the region, the temperature drops down to 12 ° C in the monthly mean.

Average day and night temperatures


languages

National language:

Hindi


mother tonguedistribution
›Hindi41,0 %
›Bengali8,1 %
›Telugu7,2 %
›Marathi7,0 %
›Tamil5,9 %
›Urdu5,0 %
›Gujarati4,5 %
›Kannada3,7 %
›Malayalam3,2 %
›Oriya3,2 %
›Punjabi2,8 %
›Assamese1,3 %
›Maithili1,2 %
Others5,9 %

Religions

directiondistribution
Baha'i0,2%
Buddhists0,7%
Christians2,3%
Hinduists79,8%
Sunnis9,5%
Shiites3,5%
Jainisst0,4%
Sikhs1,7%
other1,9%

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economy


According to the definition of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), India is one of the developing countries due to its economic performance. Despite this classification, the country is currently also one of the emerging countries, i.e. one of the countries with increasing industrialization.



Land use

7% urban areas:222,688 km²
60% agriculture:1,987,148 km²
24% forests:781,381 km²
0% water surface:314,069 km²
9% other areas:296,041 km²

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traffic

Road network:4,699,024 km
Rail network:68,525 km
Waterways:14,500 km
Commercial ports:1.731
›Airports:346

The main cities





Political indicators

(Based on the World Bank's "Worldwide Governance Indicators" project)


Political stability:

Rule of law:

Effectiveness:

Regulatory quality:

Freedom of speech:

Death penalty:constitutionally allowed



Existing trade agreements



Memberships