Why is agricultural science important
Agriculture, farming, farming
Areas of agriculture or agribusiness
There are several sub-sectors in agriculture or agriculture. Because agricultural production includes the Agriculture, fruit growing, vegetable growing, viticulture and Hop growing, the Grassland use as well as the Cattle, pig and poultry farming and breed. Another function of agriculture in recent times: fields and agriculturally used areas supply numerous industries renewable raw materials, above all, they make an ever greater contribution to the power supply.
Run a farm
The traditional tasks of agriculture include to produce agricultural and animal products, to to store, to preserve and to market. The establishments whether family-run small businesses or large industrial companies, largely determine for themselves which sub-sectors to concentrate on or which to combine.
Running a farm of any size also requires typical business management tasks such as Cost calculation, Billing, Keeping the stable books as Feed and Proof of consumption, Watching the Price developments on regional, national or global markets and other administrative activities.
New fields of activity in agriculture
The newer fields of activity in agriculture include the production of renewable raw materials as well as theirs energy recovery. Many farms are also producers of raw materials, for example vegetable oil for Biodiesel and bioethanol, and operators of Power plants (biogas plants).
Since the range of fields of activity in agriculture is large, there are many professional access routes from special training to different courses.
Study of Agriculture or Agricultural Economics
Above all, that is among the higher education courses Study of agricultural economics to call. Large companies in particular are betting for today Management activities a degree ahead. There is a tendency that the Number of vacancies for trained agricultural economists and farmers climb becomes, as the industrial agricultural production with its diverse sales markets is increasingly professionals with Business and production-related knowledge needed.
Almost all universities that offer the course in agriculture allow the graduation to Bachelor of Agriculture or Agriculture. Depending on the course of study, there is an opportunity to focus on individual areas such as Animal production, poultry farming, vegetable growing, distribution or Corporate governance to specialize. The business management knowledge acquired during the course also enables you to become a To take over yard or one Management function to take over in a large company in the agricultural sector.
Training at technical schools
Farmer is a recognized training occupation, which is one of the most famous green professions next toAgricultural service specialist, the Animal farmerand the Plant technologists. The training is regulated nationwide. it lasts three years and is in one agricultural business completed. State-certified farmers work on the own yard or as Employees in one company. Both the trained farmers and the skilled workers for the Agricultural service can specialize professionally, for example as Agricultural master, agricultural service master or Animal management master.
Young farmer on the tractor.
Anyone who aspires to a management position as a farmer with vocational training can gain further qualifications at agricultural technical schools, for example in the direction of Agricultural engineering or Agricultural business administration. The selection of further training courses at technical schools is large, the range extends from Specialist agronomist for tree care / renovation or Insemination until Specialist agronomist for direct agricultural marketing.
Another training occupation that is often in demand is State-certified agricultural economist. This further education is offered at agricultural technical schools for depending on the state other Access rules apply: Many require a qualification in a recognized agricultural training occupation as well as professional experience. In some federal states, the qualification as state-certified economist in the field of agriculture can be acquired before continuing education to become an agricultural business economist.
Depending on the federal state, the further training takes between one and three years. The prospective agricultural economists learn among other things Corporate management, business administration, physics, technology of agricultural production, building science, work theory as well as occupational and work pedagogy. The chambers of agriculture in the federal states provide information.
Job titles in job advertisements
So diverse The access routes and tasks of agriculture are so varied are the job titles. The designationfarmer Many employers only use it as a generic term in job advertisements. Mostly they combine this information with a further description that provides information about what the profile of the employee you are looking for should look like. The accurate reading of the job advertisement not only provides information about which activities and which areas of responsibility applicants expect, but also whether a professional Apprenticeship or a degree is assumed. A selection of job titles:
Agriculture or agribusiness as an employer
To the Employers count in agriculture or agribusiness family farms as well as large-scale agribusiness. Also Special crops in plant production, agricultural cooperatives or agricultural technical service companies are constantly looking for employees.
Companies are for example Alta Genetics Inc, KWS or KTG Agrar.
Income in agriculture
The level of income depends on the one hand on the training and on the other hand on the Type of employer (Family business, lease business, large business). In addition, a does not apply to all employers Collective agreement. Individual collective agreements can be compared in the tariff database of the Federal Statistical Office. Depending on the state, industry and collective agreement, the salary in agriculture can be lower or higher.
Agricultural workers with academic degree, which also enables them to run a business, receive a salary of 3,555 euros gross per month. In companies bound by collective agreements, employees also receive Surcharges for overtime, night work, work on Sundays and public holidays, sometimes also special payments such as the 13th monthly salary, vacation pay and capital-building benefits.
What remains to be said is that the salary in the numerous sub-sectors shows one depending on qualification and activity wide range, it can be between 1,360 euros (Minimum wage since January 1, 2015 for companies not bound by collective bargaining agreements) and 4,000 euros lie gross.
You can find current jobs and vacancies in agriculture and agriculture in the agrajo job market.
Author: Christiane Siemann, editor
Image source: Adobestock
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