Who has overcome eating disorders

VI. Types of Eating Disorders


1. Bulimia


Bulimia is probably the most common eating disorder and the number of unreported cases is quite high.
About 10% of women and girls between the ages of 15 and 30 are affected.
Less than 10% of those affected are men.

How can you recognize bulimia?

From the external appearance they arePeople with bulimia are normal, i.e. normal to slightly overweight or underweight. Her eating behavior in public is also unremarkable, hersThey suffer from binge eating in secret.
You can use this checklist to identify the problem:



  • Am I constantly concerned with my figure and weight?
  • Do I have regular binge eating, at least twice a week in the last 3 months?
  • Do I lose control of what and how much I eat during the binge eating?
  • Do I use "countermeasures" to prevent weight gain, e.g.
  • self-induced vomiting
  • Abuse of laxatives and drainage drugs
  • excessive physical activity


Emotional situation of those affected

Those affected experience the seizures and the associated loss of control asbad failurethat fills them with shame and disgust. Vomiting brings short-term relief, but then it also leads to feelings of shame, guilt and disgust. Social isolation as well as fears and depressive states are often added as consequences of the disease.


Physical consequences of bulimia

The effects of bulimia can belife-threatening proportions accept:

  • Arrhythmias and kidney damage from the loss of electrolytes.
  • Various deficiency symptoms due to the unbalanced diet
  • Increased gastric acid production and its consequences
  • Tooth damage from constant acid attacks
  • Inflammation in the esophagus
  • Tears in the stomach and esophagus as a result of violent vomiting


The causes of bulimia

Bulimia is like everyoneeating disorder as a reference toWant and suffering to understand that is expressed about this disorder:

  • low self-esteem, arose from personal life story
  • unattainable high demands on yourself
  • lack of opportunity for an independent personality
  • the failure to perceive feelings, especially negative ones
  • social deficits due to a difficult history


Ways out of bulimia

In order to overcome bulimia, a change in eating behavior and attitudes towards food, weight and figure is necessary. That only goes hand in hand with thatDevelopment of the overall personality:

  • Strengthening self-esteem
  • Increase in independence
  • Dealing with negative feelings etc.

For a way out of bulimia, support through psychotherapy and medical supervision are highly recommended, please contact specialists. If you want to talk about yourself or those affected by it, please contact us atPsychological counseling for students


2. Anorexia

One speaks of anorexia when someone is on purposeseverely underweight and is therefore already 15% below normal weight.


How can you recognize anorexia?

  • Strictly controlled and restricted food intake or refusal
  • Excessive exercise, deliberate vomiting, and abuse of various medications (appetite suppressants, laxatives, diuretics)
  • Disturbed awareness of one's own body, feeling too fat when the opposite is true
  • Hunger is no longer experienced, it is suppressed or ignored
  • Very afraid of gaining weight, this feeling is unbearable
  • Thoughts revolve around food, weight and calories all the time


The causes of anorexia:

90% areGirls and young womenwho suffer from anorexia.
They are typicallyintelligent, performance-oriented and adapted, they are true "show children", the environment can not see any reason for the disease from the outside.


Inside, however, it looks different:

  • There was no opportunity to develop one's own identity and independence.
  • The body becomes the only field over which one can determine oneself.
  • It is here that feelings of power and strength develop; towards the family, but also towards yourself.
  • The low self-esteem is strengthened by overcoming hunger.
  • Constant preoccupation with eating control prevents feelings such as insecurity, excessive demands and anger from arising.


Ways out of anorexia

The extreme underweight causesserious medical problems such as metabolic disorders, hormonal changes, depressive moods, deficiency diseases, etc.

People who suffer from anorexia need in the vast majority of casesmedical and psychotherapeutic supportif they want to break their addiction.

Goals of thetreatment include:

  • enable mental development
  • Normalize eating behavior and weight
  • Medically treat physical complications
  • Develop independence and self-confidence


3. Food addiction

Food addicts regularly overeat. youeat without hunger and use food as a substitute for neglected feelings and needs.
Eating is an attempt to cope with these feelings or to satisfy the needs.

Often attempts are made to lose weight through diets, but this only works temporarily and leads to new binge eating. A vicious cycle begins.

Food addicts have lost the feeling of hunger and satiety, they do not know when they are really hungry, nor can they distinguish between hunger and appetite.

For thecauses and theways In the case of binge eating, the same applies as stated in general under the heading of eating disorders.


4. Binge Eating Disorder

Here is a checklist for identifying the malfunction:



  • Do I have binge eating?
  • Do I eat large amounts of food quickly, indiscriminately, alone and without feeling hungry?
  • Can't I control my behavior during a seizure like this?
  • Does it come to disgust, shame and feelings of guilt afterwards?
  • Do I often go on diets to reduce my weight that are followed by other binge eating (yo-yo effect)?

Physical sequelae

Sufferers from binge eating disorder do not necessarily have to be overweight, but they often are.
Due to the obesity arisemedical problems High blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease, and skeletal problems.
In addition, it comes tosocial withdrawal and depressive states.

Causes of Binge Eating Disorder

  • Eating is a way to deal with feelings that are ignored by ourselves or by the environment.
  • Eating is a substitute for recognition, consolation, etc. It serves to satisfy emotional needs that are otherwise barely noticeable.
  • The feelings and needs are "swallowed" with the food.
  • The excess weight acts like armor and protects against injuries, but also makes it difficult to be close.

Ways out of binge eating disorder

Again, the underlying eating disorder must be treated first before eating behavior can be changed:

  • recognize the role the disorder has in the life of the person affected
  • learn to deal with one's own feelings differently
  • deal with self-esteem, independence and identity



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