What are the four periods of history


As epoch a longer period of time is referred to, which is characterized by one or more significant characteristics. A Division into epochs facilitates the understanding and communication of historical processes, situations and events in history lessons (or in other subjects with temporal developments).

What is an epoch?

An epoch is a larger historical section, which is characterized by the predominance of common features compared to other epochs. In view of the complexity of historical processes, however, a clear division is usually difficult and rarely unambiguous. In this respect, epochs are also predominantly made on the basis of individual events that can be viewed as epoch boundaries due to their importance, such as the discovery of America by Columbus in 1492 or the French Revolution. Since these are often events that take place in a very short period of time, one also speaks of epoch years.

Epochs in History

Epoch breaks

In addition to the epochs, the epochs are also important for history lessons Epoch breaks and Epoch years, in which significant events and developments lead to a turning point (Latin caesura 'Cut') and usher in a new era.

Epoch years

As Epoch year is a calendar year in which one or more significant events take place, which alone or together lead to a clear turning point in the historical process.

In year 2020 years old

In year 2018 celebrated its anniversary

Epochs in specialist teaching

German / literature


→ Art history→ (Epochs of Art History)


→ Epochs in music history


→ Epochs in the history of philosophy

See also