Is the Tanner stage calculator correct?

Pitfalls in forensic age diagnostics on the question of age 18

10/28/2020 | Overviews | Edition 6/2020

Critical analysis of expert age diagnostics with special consideration of Swiss legislation

Magazine:
Forensic medicine> Edition 6/2020
Author:
Dr. med. dent. Bernhard Knell

Summary

The aim of this article is to compile and evaluate a legally and scientifically correct procedure for forensic age determination at the age of 18 years. The explanations are based on the recommendations of the internationally recognized Working Group for Forensic Age Diagnostics (AGFAD). The dental age estimate is in the foreground.
Based on the age reports of a Swiss institute for forensic medicine, which according to a judgment of the Federal Administrative Court of 08.08.2018 should correspond to a consensus of the forensic medicine institutes, the current expert practice in Switzerland is subjected to a critical examination.
Specific recommendations for forensic age reports are summarized in the conclusions of individual chapters and in the conclusions.

For your success in clinic and practice - the best help in your everyday work as a doctor

With e.Med Interdisciplinary you get access to all CME training courses and specialist journals on SpringerMedizin.de.

*

You can test e.Med Interdisciplinary for 14 days free of charge (no print magazine included). The test expires automatically and informally. It can only be tested once.

literature
Back to reference Kellinghaus M, Schulz R, Vieth V, Schmidt S, Pfeiffer H, Schmeling A (2010) Enhanced possibilities to make statements on the ossification status of the medial clavicular epiphysis using an amplified staging scheme in evaluating thin-slice CT scans. Int J Legal Med 124: 321-325 PubMed Kellinghaus M, Schulz R, Vieth V, Schmidt S, Pfeiffer H, Schmeling A (2010) Enhanced possibilities to make statements on the ossification status of the medial clavicular epiphysis using an amplified staging scheme in evaluating thin-slice CT scans. Int J Legal Med 124: 321-325 PubMed
Go back to reference Olze A, Schmeling A, Taniguchi M, Maeda H, Niekerk P, Wernecke K, Geserick G (2004) Forensic age estimation in living subjects: the ethnic factor in wisdom tooth mineralization. Int J Legal Med 118: 170-173 PubMed Olze A, Schmeling A, Taniguchi M, Maeda H, Niekerk P, Wernecke K, Geserick G (2004) Forensic age estimation in living subjects: the ethnic factor in wisdom tooth mineralization. Int J Legal Med 118: 170-173 PubMed
Go back to reference Olze A, Mahlow A, Schmidt S, Wernedke K ‑ D, Geserick G, Schmeling A (2005) Combined determination of selected radiological an morphological variables relevant for dental age estimation of young adults. Homo 56: 133–140 PubMed Olze A, Mahlow A, Schmidt S, Wernedke K ‑ D, Geserick G, Schmeling A (2005) Combined determination of selected radiological an morphological variables relevant for dental age estimation of young adults. Homo 56: 133-140 PubMed
Go back to reference Olze A, van Niekerk P, Ishikawa T, Zhu BL, Schulz R, Madea H, Schmeling A (2007) Comparative study on the effect of ethnicity on wisdom tooth eruption. Int J Legal Med 121: 445-448 PubMed Olze A, van Niekerk P, Ishikawa T, Zhu BL, Schulz R, Madea H, Schmeling A (2007) Comparative study on the effect of ethnicity on wisdom tooth eruption. Int J Legal Med 121: 445-448 PubMed
Go back to reference Olze A, Solheim T, Schulz R, Kupfer M, Pfeiffer H, Schmeling A (2010) Assessment of the radiographic visibility of the periodontal ligament in the lower third molars for the purpose of forensic age estimation in living individuals. Int J Legal Med 124: 445-448 PubMed Olze A, Solheim T, Schulz R, Kupfer M, Pfeiffer H, Schmeling A (2010) Assessment of the radiographic visibility of the periodontal ligament in the lower third molars for the purpose of forensic age estimation in living individuals. Int J Legal Med 124: 445-448 PubMed
Go back to reference Rolseth V, Mosdøl A, Dahlberg PS, Ding Y, Bleka Ø, Skjerven-Martinsen M, Straumann GH, Delaveris GJM, Vist GE (2018) Age assessment by Demirjian's development stages of the third molar: a systematic review. Eur Radiol 29 (5): 2311–2321 PubMed Rolseth V, Mosdøl A, Dahlberg PS, Ding Y, Bleka Ø, Skjerven-Martinsen M, Straumann GH, Delaveris GJM, Vist GE (2018) Age assessment by Demirjian's development stages of the third molar: a systematic review. Eur Radiol 29 (5): 2311-231 PubMed
Go back to reference Rösing FW (2001) Forensic age diagnostics: Statistics, work rules and presentation. In: Oehmichen M, Geserick G (eds) Osteological identification and age estimation. Research in Legal Medicine, Vol. 26. Schmidt-Römhild, Lübeck, S 263–275 Rösing FW (2001) Forensic age diagnostics: statistics, work rules and presentation. In: Oehmichen M, Geserick G (eds) Osteological identification and age estimation. Research in Legal Medicine, Vol. 26. Schmidt-Römhild, Lübeck, S 263-275
Go back to reference Schmeling A, Reisinger W, Loreck D, Vendura K, Markus W, Geserick G (2000) Effects of ethnicity on skeletal maturation: consequences for forensic age estimations. Int J Legal Med 113: 253-258 PubMed Schmeling A, Reisinger W, Loreck D, Vendura K, Markus W, Geserick G (2000) Effects of ethnicity on skeletal maturation: consequences for forensic age estimations. Int J Legal Med 113: 253-258 PubMed
Go back to reference Schmeling A, Grundmann C, Fuhrmann A, Kaatsch HJ, Knell B, Ramsthaler F, Reisinger W, Riepert T, Ritz-Timme S, Rösing FW, Rötzscher K, Geserick G (2008) Criteria for age estimation in living individuals . Int J Legal Med 122 (6): 457-460 PubMed Schmeling A, Grundmann C, Fuhrmann A, Kaatsch HJ, Knell B, Ramsthaler F, Reisinger W, Riepert T, Ritz-Timme S, Rösing FW, Rötzscher K, Geserick G. (2008) Criteria for Age Estimation in Living Individuals. Int J Legal Med 122 (6): 457-460 PubMed
Go back to reference Schmeling A, Dettmeyer R, Rudolf E, Vieth V, Geserick G (2016) Forensic age estimation — methods, certainty, and the law. Dtsch Arztebl Int 113: 44–50 PubMedPubMedCentral Schmeling A, Dettmeyer R, Rudolf E, Vieth V, Geserick G (2016) Forensic age estimation — methods, certainty, and the law. Dtsch Arztebl Int 113: 44-50 PubMedPubMedCentral
Back to reference Wittschieber D, Schulz R, Vieth V, Küppers M, Bajanowski T, Ramsthaler F, Püschel K, Pfeiffer H, Schmidt S, Schmeling A (2014) Influence of the examiner's qualification and sources of error during stage determination of the medial clavicular epiphysis by means of computed tomography. Int J Legal Med 128 (1): 183–191 PubMed Wittschieber D, Schulz R, Vieth V, Küppers M, Bajanowski T, Ramsthaler F, Püschel K, Pfeiffer H, Schmidt S, Schmeling A (2014) Influence of the examiner's qualification and sources of error during stage determination of the medial clavicular epiphysis by means of computed tomography. Int J Legal Med 128 (1): 183-191 PubMed
About this article
title
Pitfalls in forensic age diagnostics on the question of age 18
Critical analysis of expert age diagnostics with special consideration of Swiss legislation
Author:
Dr. med. dent. Bernhard Knell
Publication date
28.10.2020
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00194-020-00427-8
  1. I would like to test the next 3 issues for free.

    If I like the magazine, I will receive the trial issues after receiving it Forensic medicine 6x per year for a total of € 560.00 in Germany (subscription price € 531.00 plus shipping costs € 29.00) or € 578.00 abroad (subscription price € 531.00 plus shipping costs € 47.00).
    This corresponds to a total monthly price of € 46.67 in Germany and € 48.17 abroad.

    If I am not convinced by this magazine, I will inform the reader service no later than 14 days after receiving the 3rd sample issue.

    All prices quoted include German statutory VAT. In EU countries the respective statutory value added tax applies. This can lead to price deviations for orders from abroad.

    Billing takes place once a year at the beginning of the reference period by invoice.

    The minimum term of this subscription is one year. The subscription is automatically renewed annually for another year if it is not canceled no later than 30 days before the end of the contract period. The termination must be in writing to the reader service. The statutory right to liability for defects applies.
     

    Reader service
    Springer Nature Customer Service Center
    Tiergartenstrasse 15th
    69121 Heidelberg
    Tel. 06221 345-4303 / Fax: 06221 345-4229
    Email: [email protected]
     

New in forensic medicine