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Evaluation in schools

Evaluation means that an issue is systematically examined and assessed according to criteria defined in advance.

One speaks of school evaluation when schools are assessed with regard to the quality of the work and the results achieved. This serves to determine the results of the school's quality efforts and, on this basis, to initiate quality assurance and quality development measures. A distinction is made between internal and external evaluation.

Internal evaluation
The internal evaluation is a "systematic, continuous learning and work process in which information and data about learning, teaching and school are collected on site in order to gain knowledge from them and to evaluate them well-founded." (Eickenbusch, G .: School-internal evaluation. A path to joint school development. In: P├Ądagogik 49, 1997 - 5, p. 7) Internal evaluations are initiated and carried out by the respective school itself.

Often the questionnaire is used as a written survey for internal evaluations. However, drawing up a questionnaire is very demanding. In addition, the evaluation of large samples can be very time-consuming.
In principle, all evaluation instruments should meet the social science quality criteria such as objectivity, validity and reliability. Therefore, not every questionnaire freely available on the internet is suitable for measuring and presenting school quality. Schools can therefore fall back on tried and tested instruments (instruments from the ISB, Kollux, etc.).

ISB: Brochure Internal Evaluation >>>

School management program Kollux >>>

External evaluation

After a pilot phase beginning with the 2003/04 school year, the external evaluation of schools in Bavaria was introduced across the board as an important measure for quality assurance and development in the 2005/06 school year. As a result of its inclusion in the Bavarian Law on Education and Instruction on August 1, 2008, it is mandatory for state schools (cf. BayEUG Art. 113c).
External evaluation is intended to help schools to better assess the effectiveness of their work and to recognize their strengths as well as their weaknesses.
It is not used to assess or control people, but to analyze conditions and evaluate work processes and results. So the focus is not on the individual teacher, but on the school as an organization.
External evaluation gives impulses for the internal school development and helps to set focal points and priorities in the work.
The quality criteria define what defines the quality of schools and teaching across all types of school and subject and give the quality development in Bavaria's schools a reliable and safe orientation.

The external evaluation is carried out by an evaluation team. In every school district there are evaluation teams that always evaluate in a foreign school district.
Three school evaluators and one non-school evaluator work together in an evaluation team. The school evaluators have experience in the areas of school management, lesson development and / or school development. As non-school evaluators, representatives of the economy (e.g. quality officers or training managers of companies) and parents volunteer. In terms of technical content, your work is supervised by the quality agency of the ISB.

Brochure External Evaluation >>>

State Institute for School Quality and Educational Research (ISB)

Evaluation - an instrument for quality development in schools (Matthias Thiem) >>>