What are the two types of apostrophe

Get out of D’dorf and jump to the sea or discoveries in honor of the apostrophe

Write correctly and set standards in your studies

The For many, an apostrophe is a book with seven seals. But actually the grammar rule is quite simple, an apostrophe indicates that one or more letters have been left out of a word. Nevertheless, one meets again and again on strange excesses of the apostrophe madness. The most important facts about the apostrophe.

By Nicola Pridik



General to the apostrophe

A quick poll of the apostrophes has shown that almost 90 percent of them feel inflationarily used and consumed and deprived of their actual purpose.

The rooting table apostrophe is which for Günther's sausage stand as well as for plural endings and the colloquial abbreviated slang, but in reality the Apostrophe!

And he is not only able to represent one or more letters from the start, but also knows how to clarify the basic forms of names. Not many can say that about themselves. One more reason not only to approach the small line with respect, but also to dedicate this spelling sequence to it.

Again, the real purpose of the apostrophe is to tell the reader that one or more letters have been left out of a word. It is also used to clarify the basic form of personal names. It is definitely not available for application scenarios that go beyond this. In particular, it has no place in front of a plural s!

  • There is never an apostrophe before a plural s!

So it says:

the Cars (and not: the Cars)
the PCs (and not: the PC’s)

Those who take this to heart have already made an important contribution to cultivating the image of apostrophes. Which of course does not mean that the following rules are merely decorative accessories. (We basically don't decorate anything, especially not with accessories.) After all, you can also do other things wrong ...


The apostrophe as an ellipsis

Even if the apostrophe essentially serves to identify omissions in a word as such, this does not mean that an apostrophe must be used for each omission. The opposite is the case. Most of the omissions can or should even be omitted.

The apostrophe is only mandatory in the following three cases.

First:

In the genitive formation of names that end in an s-sound:

  • Used by a Namesthat has an s-sound (-s, -ss, , -tz, -z, -x, -ce) ends that Genitive formed, then - if the genitive itself would have to be formed with a genitive-s - instead of of -s a apostrophe appended to the word.

Lars ’ Birthday is the day after tomorrow.
Hans' Motorcycle has been stolen.
Grass' Tin drum is often read in school.
Ringelnatz ' Poems have only recently been reprinted.

In these cases, the apostrophe offers the possibility of avoiding a double s sound at the end of a word and still showing the genitive form by indicating that a genitive s has been omitted.

Secondly:

For more extensive omissions within a word:

  • An apostrophe is also put to larger omissions inside the word too mark.

You will often find such abbreviations in place names:

D’dorf (for: Düsseldorf)
W’tal (for: Wuppertal)
Ku'damm (for: Kurfürstendamm)
M’gladbach (for: Mönchengladbach)

Third:

If words with omissions would otherwise be difficult to read or misunderstand:

  • An apostrophe must go to Labelling of omissions if the word concerned is otherwise difficult to read or misunderstood would. Is it the written Reproduction of words of the spoken language, the apostrophe is against it optional.

When it comes to the hard-to-read words outside of spoken language rendering, your main thought was the abbreviations that poets use in their poems. But the transitions to colloquial abbreviations are quite fluid here. You are on the safe side if you always put an apostrophe in the case of abbreviations that are difficult to read or misunderstood.

The question remains, when is it difficult to read or when misunderstandings can occur. Nobody knows that positively. Maybe nobody wants to tell us either. In any case, we haven't found any clues from which we could derive rules. It is much more popular to name the cases in which the apostrophe can be left out without any problems because legibility is not impaired. Unfortunately, we don't know any better than the language professionals and therefore, for better or worse, join the exclusionary tactic.

No apostrophe stands regularly in the following cases.

  • With many amalgamations of prepositions and articles. It is not really understandable what distinguishes the apostrophe cases from the apostrophe-free cases - but see for yourself:

    Without Apostrophe:
    on, at, in, from, to, behind, over, under, in front of, behind, over, under, in front, to, to, in, on, through, for, behind, over, under, in front of, around

    With Apostrophe against it:
    on’m, from’m, for’n, in’n, after’m, through’n, on’n, for’n, against’s, with’m, after’m

  • If there is no end-e in certain verb forms:

    I listen to him.
    I write a letter.
    Stay stand!

  • If a mute is omitted e inside the word:

    I change (e) le the money.
    you walk in the imagination.
    I seg (e) le around the world.

  • At with r- beginning shortenings of words such as up, approach, in, out:

    He went up.
    He drove close ran.
    she came purely.
    she has Outget that ...

  • In shortening the word something to What:

    I have to ... you What tell.
    Today is What Nice happens.

  • The apostrophe is also not required if the word is combined with the previous word to form one word. However, it is still often set and is also considered correct. If you write with an apostrophe, there is no space in front of the apostrophe.