Who invented the elevator?

A brief history of the elevator

October 08, 2020

The most widely used means of transport in the world is fundamentally steep: Statistically, all of humanity has ridden an elevator once every three days. In our brief history of the elevator, we tell how technology has developed over the centuries and how the elevator changed the face of our big cities.

At 18 meters per second - almost 65 kilometers per hour - the elevator in the Shanghai Tower shoots its passengers 121 floors up. The viewing platform at a height of 546 meters can be reached in 55 seconds. If a technician from Mitsubishi is on board, it can even go up at almost 74 kilometers per hour. At this speed, the elevator in the third tallest skyscraper in the world is the fastest on our planet. A total of 114 elevators are installed in the Shanghai Tower. The development of the purely vertical means of transport only made the construction of high-rise buildings and skyscrapers possible from the late 19th century. However, the technical basis for the elevator was laid in antiquity.

The invention of the pulley system is a prerequisite for the elevator. The combination of a rope with several pulleys allows loads to be lifted with little effort. Its inventor is not known, but the concept of the composite pulley system is attributed to the Greek mathematician and physicist Archimedes. Specifically, in ancient Rome, bears and lions took an elevator up to the arena. From the year 80 BC, the first of several elevators was installed in the Colosseum, through which scenery and decorations were also brought up.