What are the relative pronouns in German

7 relative pronouns - rules and list

Relative pronouns overview

The relative pronoun (related pronoun)

Relative pronouns likethe, the, the, which one, Which, which one, who and What are at the beginning of a relative clause. Der, die, and das are the most common relative pronouns. The relative pronoun refers to a preceding noun or a group of nouns.

Declination relative pronoun der, die, singular:

Case / casemaleFemaleneutrally
Nominative
Who or what?
the man, whothe woman whothe picture that
Genitive
Whose?
the man whosetheir wife, themthe picture whose
dative
Whom?
the man whothe woman whothe picture, the
accusative
Who or what?
the man whomthe woman whothe picture that

Declension relative pronoun der, die, das - plural:

Case / casemaleFemaleneutrally
Nominative
Who or what?
the men whothe women whothe pictures that
Genitive
Whose?
the men whosethe women whosethe pictures whose
dative
Whom?
the men whomthe women whomthe pictures that
accusative
Who or what?
the men whothe women whothe pictures that

Examples of using relative pronouns

The human, their Fate we do not know, remain unknown.
The country, whose Landscape I like, will be visited by me.
The students, those A course of study is offered, will continue to learn.
An incident the one cannot accept.
The acquaintances the saw me shopping.

Which

Which, which, which can be used as relative pronouns, but not in the genitive.

caseMasculineneuterFemininePlural
Nomwhich onewhich oneWhichWhich
Accwhichwhich oneWhichWhich
Datewhich onewhich onewhich onewhich

With the relative pronouns which one prevents repetitions of words. These relative pronouns are usually used in the written language.

Examples of the use of relative pronouns

The adolescent the drove the scooter. The youth which one drove the scooter.
The sun, the seemed strong from the sky. The sun, Which seemed strong from the sky. The flour, the was no longer good for baking. The flour, which one was no longer good for baking.
The relative pronouns which which and which mean that the same articles are not repeated in the examples.

Who and what as relative pronouns

who and What can also be relative pronouns as interrogative pronouns.

caseNeut
NomwhoWhat
AccwhomWhat
Datewhom(What)
genewhosewhose

Relative pronouns with rules, examples and list

More on pronouns:
Pronouns
Personal pronoun (personal pronoun)
Possessive pronoun (possessive pronoun)
Reflexive pronouns (reverse pronoun)
Demonstrative pronoun (indicative pronoun)
Interrogative pronoun (questioning pronoun)
Indefinite pronoun (indefinite pronoun)

Indefinite pronouns for grade 4, grade 5, grade 6, grade 7.