What are some famous buildings in Asia
Are you wondering what you can see in Asia and where your next trip should go?
That has happened to us many times.
That's why we've collected the 25 most exciting sights, landmarks and excursion destinations in all parts of Asia.
I hope the list is a good inspiration.
1. Royal Palace in Bangkok, Thailand
The Grand Palace in Bangkok is the most visited attraction in Thailand.
The Royal Palace was the residence of the kings of Siam. In the palace complex you will see the temple Wat Phra Kheo, a throne hall in European style, an old audience hall and the inner palace.
The facility is now a museum. You can easily spend half a day in it.
2. Western Wall in Jerusalem, Israel
The Western Wall in Jerusalem is the important religious site of Judaism and one of the landmarks of Israel.
Countless believers and tourists come to the Western Wall every day to say their prayers and to stick notes with wishes between the stone blocks.
Originally the Western Wall was the western boundary of the second Jerusalem temple from the 6th century BC, but did not itself belong to the temple.
The temple itself was destroyed by the Romans in AD 70, the Western Wall has been preserved to this day. Today the wall is the most important religious site of Judaism and the most famous sight in Israel.
3. Bagan Temples, Myanmar
The historic royal city of Bagan is located in the center of Myanmar. It was once the capital of the Kingdom of Pagan, which stretched almost over the whole of Myanmar.
To date, around 2,000 magnificent stupas, temples and pagodas have been preserved in Bagan.
Covering an area of 30 square kilometers, they represent one of the largest archaeological sites in Southeast Asia.
4. Angkor Wat, Cambodia
The massive Khmer temples in Siem Reap in central Cambodia are among the most impressive ruins in the world. A visit to the most important temples in the several square kilometer complex takes at least two days.
The highlight is the sunrise in front of the main temple Angkor Wat. Also visit the Angkor Museum in Siem Reap, the memorials of the communist Khmer Rouge massacres and markets in the region.
5. Taj Mahal, India
The magnificent marble palace Taj Mahal is a landmark of India and one of the wonders of the world. It has also been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1983.
The Taj Mahal is located in the city of Arga in northern India. It is a tomb or mausoleum that is one of the most beautiful structures in Muslim architecture. In India, the palace is even considered the most beautiful of all.
The imposing structure was built between 1631 and around 1648. An exact date of completion is not known to this day. The name translates as "the crown of the palace". Today it is believed that the Persian princess Arjuman Bano Begum, for whom the Taj Mahal was built, also had this nickname.
It is best to visit the Taj Mahal early in the morning. At this time, the rush of visitors is not that big and you can see the imposing building in a fairytale light.
Agra is also home to the Red Fort of Agra. The huge fortress made of red sandstone dates back to the 16th century and was used as the magnificent residence of the Mughal emperors for 200 years. The Red Fortress has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1983.
6. Marina Bay, Singapore
Singapore "The Lion City" is one of the financial centers of Asia. Since independence from England, the former colony has developed into one of the up-and-coming metropolises in the world.
The average income in the metropolis is now twice as high as in Germany. As a hub of flights across Asia, especially with Singapore Airlines, Singapore has also become a popular tourist destination.
Among the most famous sights of Singapore are the Marina Bay with the Sands Hotel, museums, ferris wheel and shopping centers. Also visit the southernmost point of mainland Asia on Sentosa Island, Universal Studies, and try local food at a hawker center.
Haji Lane in the Arab quarter of Singapore is a tip for anyone looking for alternative locations in the metropolis.
7. Hong Kong Island, China
Today's Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, formerly a colony of the United Kingdom, is one of the most impressive cities in the world. Personally, Hong Kong is also one of our favorite places in Asia.
Visit Victoria Hill, go shopping in Kowloon on Nathan Road, plan a trip to the Big Buddha on Lantau Island and drive to the small fishing village of Tai O.
Here we have written more about the sights in Hong Kong.
8. Kaaba in Mecca, Saudi Arabia
The Kaaba is the central sanctuary of Islam. It is a huge black cube and stands in the courtyard of the al-Haram mosque in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
Kaaba means “cube” or “cube”. It is the house of God to which he invites all of his guests. The Kaaba marks the direction of prayer in the Muslim faith and is the center of the rites of pilgrimage.
The annual pilgrimage to Mecca is the largest annual event in Saudi Arabia with several million visitors.
Unfortunately, only Muslims are allowed to visit Mecca. Christians, Jews, Hindus and members of all other religions need a special permit.
9. Bosphorus in Istanbul, Turkey
The Bosphorus Strait separates Europe from Asia.
That, together with Istanbul, makes it one of the most visited sights in Europe and one of the most important sights in Turkey.
The highlights on the Strait include the Bosphorus Bridge, boat tours with a view of sights such as the Hagia Sophia, Blue Mosque, the Dolmabahce Palace, Maiden's Tower and the Topkapi Palace.
Here we have written more about the sights in Istanbul.
10. Rice terraces in Bali, Indonesia
The days of rice terraces, together with the Pura Besakih Temple and the beaches of Canguu, are the figureheads of the island of Bali in Indonesia.
Stroll through the travel terraces, eat in one of the nearby cafes, attend a yoga class or enjoy life on a swing with a view of the landscape. That is really typical Bali.
The island is also a paradise for surfers, digital nomads and sun lovers in all seasons.
11. Forbidden City in Beijing, China
In the city center of the metropolis of Beijing there is a relic from ancient China, the "Forbidden City". With a total area of 720,000 m², the Forbidden City is the largest palace complex in the world.
This makes the Imperial Palace, built between 1406 and 1420, the most important figurehead of Chinese architecture in the Middle Ages.
There are a total of 890 palaces with 8,886 rooms on the site. According to a legend, it should actually be 9,999½ rooms. Half of the room is symbolic. Only heaven was allowed to own a palace with 10,000 rooms.
One speaks of the "Forbidden City" because no one except the emperor had access to the complex out of his own power.
12. Kyoto, Japan
Kyoto, the former imperial capital, is the most visited city in Japan after Tokyo.
Kyoto was founded in 794 and was the seat of the Japanese emperors from the 8th to the 19th century. The city was spared the bombing during World War II, so you will find unique sights from the imperial era and explore the traditional Japanese way of life.
The main attractions of Kyoto are in the east of the city. The Kiyomizudera and Ginkakuji temples and the historical district around Higashiyama and Gion are particularly worth seeing.
The Kiyomizudera ("Temple of Pure Water") is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the most visited temples in Japan.
13. Great Wall of China, China
The Great Wall of China or the Great Wall is the symbol of China. It is the longest wall in the world and a unique example of ancient defense architecture.
The official length of the wall was unknown for a very long time. The exact number was not announced until 2012. It is exactly 21,196.18 km.
The Great Wall of China is more than 2,300 years old. It was dismantled, built, rebuilt and expanded several times during the dynasties. Most of the relics of the Great Wall today come from the Ming Dynasty.
The Ming Great Wall crosses 9 Chinese provinces and counties: Liaoning, Hebei, Tianjin, Beijing, Inner Mongolia, Shanxi, Shaanxi and Ningxia, Gansu.
Some beautiful views await you on the winding path of the wall over the hilly land and steep mountains.
14. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Often, Kuala Lumpur is just a stopover on the way to other destinations in Asia. In the capital of Malaysia there are enough attractions for at least two or three days.
The most important sights in Kuala Lumpur include the Petronas Towers, which were once the tallest buildings in the world. The Batu Caves are among the largest Hindu temples outside of India. The Jalan Alor Night Market is a foodies dream.
In addition, tours to nearby attractions in Malaysia are possible from Kuala Lumpur. These include the Cameron Highlands, Malacca and firefly colonies.
15. Samarkand, Uzbekistan
Samarkand, the “stone city” in Uzbekistan, stands 720 m above sea level in a plateau on the westernmost tip of the Altai Mountains. The city is one of the oldest cities in the world and was once the heart of the ancient Silk Road.
Samarkand achieved its wealth through trade with the northern and eastern regions. A trade that was favored by its perfect location on the Silk Road.
Today parts of Samarkand are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Some of the most beautiful sights in the city include the Bibi Khanum Mosque, the observatory and the Registan main square.
16. Everest, Nepal
The Himalaya, also called the roof of the world, is a high mountain range between the Indian subcontinent and the Tibetan highlands.
The highest mountain in the Himalayas is Mount Everest with a height of about 8,849 m.
It is not only the highest mountain in the world, but also the most dangerous. The Everest Base Camp Trek takes you in the heart of the Himalayan Mountains past colorful prayer wheels, mani stones and over numerous suspension bridges.
17. Tiger's Nest, Bhutan
The famous Tiger's Nest Monastery is located in the west of the Kingdom of Bhutan at an altitude of 3,000 meters above sea level.
The monastery is dedicated to the Guru Padmasambhava, who brought Buddhism to Bhutan. He is said to have meditated for 3 years, 3 months, 3 weeks, 3 days and 3 hours in a cave under today's Tiger's Nest monastery.
The ascent to the Tiger's Nest Monastery is only possible on foot or by mule. The path is not easy, it is quite steep up the mountain. But it pays off, in the monastery you can learn more about the culture in Bhutan and enjoy the breathtaking view of nature.
18. Macau, China
Macau is a former Portuguese colony not far from Hong Kong. Macau has only been part of China as a special administrative region since 1999.
Today Macau is the largest gambling metropolis in Asia, actually the world. The casinos in Macau are now making more sales than in Las Vegas. These include casinos like the Venetian with gondoliers and the Parisian with an Eiffel Tower on a scale of 1 to 2.
Apart from the casinos, in Macau you will see an extremely exciting combination of Portuguese colonial architecture and Chinese and Portuguese culture. The ruins of the Paulus Church is the symbol of the city. You should also try the national dishes galinha à Portuguesa (Portuguese chicken) and minchi,
The newly opened 55 km long Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge is the longest bridge in the world and connects the two cities across the Pearl River Delta. Alternatively, there are fast ferries between Macau and Hong Kong once an hour from Victoria Harbor.
19. Dubai, United Arab Emirates
The impressive buildings, numerous activities and the lifestyle have made Dubai a trend destination. The city is located on the Persian Gulf and is the most populous of the Arab Emirates.
Deira is the oldest district in Dubai. An incredible atmosphere awaits you in the quarter with winding streets. It gets crowded here, especially in the evenings. Gold, spices, perfumes and much more are sold in the numerous souks. Deira is also home to the famous Gold Souk. It is a little quieter in the Bur Dubai district.
Deira and Bur Dubai are separated by an arm of the Persian Gulf, the Dubai Creek. The 11 km long water arm is one of the oldest attractions in the city.
Other highlights in Dubai include the view from the tallest building in the world - the 823 m high Burj Khalifa, the Dubai Mall with 1200 shops and the artificial palm island Palm Jumeirah with the most beautiful sandy beach in the city.
20. Sigiriya, Sri Lanka
The rock fortress of Sigiriya is located in the center of Sri Lanka on a huge rock hill made of solidified lava. It was built in the 5th century together with the surrounding city.
The name "Sigiriya" is derived from "Siha Giri" - "lion rock". The name probably comes from the huge lion's head, through whose mouth you used to enter the last and steepest section of the ascent to the fortress.
The fortress was built in 473 by Kassapa, the then king of Anuradhapura. He murdered his father so that he could ascend the throne himself as the son of a concubine. Fearing his half-brother Moggalllana, the king's rightful heir, he had Sigiriya built. Around the magma goat he built the new capital of his empire, which he protected with a moat.
Today in the former fortifications you can only see the foundations of earlier palaces, some cisterns, the remains of the magnificent pleasure gardens and a monastery complex, some of which have been rebuilt. Also of the lion gate are only the two huge paws left.
21. Isfahan, Iran
Isfahan, the metropolis with 2 million inhabitants in the heart of Iran, is considered to be one of the most beautiful cities in the world. It is idyllically located in a large river oasis in the Zayandeh Rud river valley on the edge of the Zagros Mountains.
Numerous historical sights and breathtaking landscapes await you in Isfahan.
The highlights of the city include the magnificent Shah Mosque, Naqshe-e Jahan Square, Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque, Ali Qapu Palace and much more.
22. North Korea
North Korea in the middle of Asia is a very special and controversial travel destination. A trip to North Korea feels like a trip to a completely different world, you certainly feel like you have been transported to a parallel universe.
The tours to North Korea are only possible if they have been registered and approved in advance - and in all cases a government guide is required.
Particularly worth seeing in North Korea are the capital Pyongyang, the city of Kaesong in the west of the country, the port city of Wonsan on the east coast and the Manwoldae Palace.
There is also a lot to see in nature, such as the holy mountain Päktu, Chilbo Mountains with breathtaking formations and the Kumgangsan region.
23. Halong Bay, Vietnam
Halong Bay in Quang Ninh Province in northern Vietnam is world famous. The bay with its majestic rocks, mysterious caves, green limestone islands and floating fishing villages is a very special natural gem.
The enchanting Halong Bay has also been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1994.
The best way to explore the breathtaking landscape is on a boat tour. Depending on your preferences, you can choose between a one-day or multi-day tour.
You can also go kayaking, diving, and hiking in Halong Bay.
24. Seoul, South Korea
Seoul, the capital of South Korea, is one of the world's most densely populated cities. The city is also considered to be one of the most modern cities in the world.
The traditional and the modern meet in Seoul. In no other Asian metropolis, the historic city center and the classic artists' quarters are as well preserved as here. But there are also huge neighborhoods with modern and glass-covered skyscrapers.
The tradition and the modern belong equally to Seoul and make up the unique character of the city.
25. Petra, Jordan
Petra is the most famous landmark in Jordan, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and the location of films such as "Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade".
The spectacular rock city is located in the southwest of Jordan, between the Dead Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba. Breathtaking architecture awaits you in the city.
The huge facades of the monumental temples were carved directly from the bright red sandstone. In addition to Nabatean elements, these also have Egyptian, Roman and Greek elements. 800 buildings and sacrificial sites have been preserved in and around Petra.
It's best to visit Petra in the early morning or late afternoon.The soft light of the low sun conjures up a breathtaking play of colors on the red sandstone of the city.
The list is a collection of the most beautiful and interesting sights in Asia and is intended as an inspiration for your next trip.
In doing so, we stuck to the most frequently visited sights in Asia and some places that we personally like.
Finally, it's your turn:
Do you think there are other attractions on the list?
Which places do you particularly like in Asia?
Drop me a line in the news below and of course share the list if you like it.
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