How many different language families are there
languages of the world
There are around 7,000 different languages in the world and countless dialects. They have developed over many centuries and keep changing over and over again.
New words are added, for example when technologies are developed that need a name. And other words disappear because nobody needs them anymore. We humans also change languages by pronouncing certain words differently from others or by using them in a different context.
In large groups, a new dialect can develop and then sometimes a language of its own. This mainly happens when a group of people is spatially separated from others, for example by national borders. This is how the many different languages of the world came into being.
What's behind it ...
It is not known exactly, but the languages of the world probably all stem from a common or several "original languages" and have diverged over many millennia. What is known for sure: They come from different language families. That is why many languages are related to each other, they are similar in grammar and sometimes also in vocabulary.
The languages in Europe, for example, belong to the Indo-European language family. German and English are derived from the Germanic languages. Probably there was even a common "Germanic original language", but it is difficult to trace back and prove it. It is different with the Romance languages such as Italian, Spanish and French. Their original language is Latin. This can be proven very well with the help of many old writings and books. The scriptures also show that the language was used differently even then.
For example, literary Latin was different from what was spoken. The spoken Latin is also called Vulgar Latin. The Latin word "vulgaris" means "belonging to the people", and that means: Vulgar Latin was the vernacular. It was spoken by many people in different regions of Europe. The people belonged to different groups, peoples or kingdoms and were therefore often spatially separated from each other. Their use of language developed differently. Different peoples developed their own dialects and from them the Romance languages. And that is how all the languages in the world have developed. First new dialects emerged and then new languages. Ah!
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