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The active right to vote is the right to participate in the election by voting.
In the local elections (election of local council, local council and district council) you are entitled to vote as a German or German within the meaning of Article 116, Paragraph 1 of the Basic Law if you are on election day
- are at least 16 years old,
- have had their main residence in the municipality for at least three months,
- are not excluded from the right to vote and
- be listed in the electoral register of the municipality.
You are excluded from the right to vote if you
- have lost the right to vote as a result of a judgment in the Federal Republic of Germany or
- You can no longer take care of your affairs alone and a supervisor has been appointed for all of your affairs (full care).
As a Union citizen, you are entitled to vote under the same conditions. Persons who are not citizens of a member state of the European Union are not entitled to vote in the election of the local council.
Only persons entitled to vote are entered in the electoral roll. The electoral roll makes it possible to control that only those entitled to vote vote and that each person entitled to vote only votes once.
If you are eligible to vote, you will automatically be entered in your municipality's electoral roll. The data for the electoral roll comes from the data of the registration office. If you have been registered in the municipality for more than three months on the day of the election, you will receive an election notification by post at least three weeks before the day of the election.
Danger: If you are entitled to vote and have not received a voting notification up to three weeks before the election day, please contact your local authority immediately. Further information can be found in the associated service "Application for registration in the electoral roll".
The municipal administration can inspect the electoral roll on the working days from the 20th to the 16th day before the election during the general opening hours. The electoral roll is completed no later than the day before the election, but not earlier than three days before the election. Then the number of eligible voters in the electoral district is determined.
Participation in elections when moving
For inclusion in the electoral roll, the decisive factor is where you registered when the electoral roll was drawn up and whether you are eligible to vote on the day of the election.
If you move away from your municipality before the election, you will automatically be removed from the electoral roll for the municipal council and, if applicable, local council elections. If you move to a municipality in the same district, you remain eligible to vote in the district election. Even if you move to another municipality in the Stuttgart region (city of Stuttgart and the districts of Böblingen, Esslingen, Göppingen, Ludwigsburg and Rems-Murr-Kreis), you remain eligible to vote for the regional assembly. Further information can be found in the associated service "Voters' register (municipal election) - apply for registration when moving".
Danger: If you move to the electoral area from outside during the last three months before the election (municipality for municipal elections, rural district for district council elections) or move your main residence there, you will usually not be able to participate in the election because you will meet the requirements do not meet the minimum period of residence.
There is an exception to the minimum length of residence for you as a returnees:
- Municipal elections
Have you lost your right to vote in the municipal elections in a municipality in Baden-Württemberg because you have moved out of the municipality or have relocated your main residence, and are you returning to this municipality within three years of this change (by moving in or re-establishing the Main residence), you are entitled to vote in the municipal elections without having to live for the minimum period of three months.
- Election of district councils
Have you lost your right to vote for the district councils in a district in Baden-Württemberg because you have moved out of the district or have relocated your main residence, and are you returning to this district within three years of this change (by moving or by moving to Germany) Re-establishment of the main residence), you are entitled to vote for the district council elections without having to fulfill the minimum residence period of three months. The return can take place in the same or a different municipality in the district.
- Election of the regional assembly of the Stuttgart Region Association
Have you lost your right to vote for the regional assembly because you have moved out of the association area (city of Stuttgart and the districts of Böblingen, Esslingen, Göppingen, Ludwigsburg and Rems-Murr-Kreis) or have relocated your main residence and are returning before three years have elapsed Since this change you have returned to the association's territory (by moving to the area or re-establishing your main residence), you are entitled to vote for the regional assembly elections without having to meet the minimum period of residence of three months. You can return to the same or a different municipality in the Stuttgart region.
As a returnee, you will only be included in the electoral roll upon request. For more information, see the associated service "Voters' register (municipal election) - apply for registration as a returnees".
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