Are Israel and Saudi Arabia best friends

Criticism of Israel after serious clashes in Jerusalem

Jerusalem - After violent clashes in Jerusalem between Palestinians and the police, criticism of Israel from Muslim countries is growing. The government in Jordan spoke on Sunday of "barbaric" attacks on believers in the Al-Aqsa mosque. The Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan described Israel as a "terror state". In Istanbul on Saturday he called on all Muslim states and the international community to take effective steps against Israel.

According to the aid organization Red Crescent, at least 80 people, including children, were injured in the clashes on Saturday evening and on Sunday night. The violence was triggered by protests against planned evictions from the homes of Palestinian families in an area in East Jerusalem claimed by Jewish settlers. The Palestinians see East Jerusalem as the capital of a future state of their own.

Spiral of violence

"We firmly reject the pressure not to build in Jerusalem," said Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in a televised address before the commemorations for the capture of East Jerusalem in the 1967 war. "I also tell the best of our friends: Jerusalem is Israel's capital And just as every nation builds in its capital and builds its capital, we too have the right to build in Jerusalem and to build Jerusalem. "

Pope Francis called for an end to the violence. He followed the events there with concern and invited the parties to seek solutions in order to respect the multicultural identity of the Holy City. "Violence creates violence, stops the clashes," said the head of the Roman Catholic Church to pilgrims on St. Peter's Square in Rome on Sunday.

Temple Mount of great importance

According to Israeli information, one man was injured on the part of the police. An Israeli police spokesman said there had been confrontations both at the Damascus Gate - one of the entrances to the Old City - and in the area of ​​the Temple Mount (Al-Haram al-Sharif / The Noble Sanctuary). More than 90,000 devout Muslims gathered on the Temple Mount on Saturday evening for the holiday of Lailat al-Kadr (Night of Determination). According to tradition, the day the Koran was given to the Prophet Mohammed.

The Temple Mount with the Dome of the Rock and the Al-Aqsa Mosque is both the third holiest site in Islam and of great importance in Judaism because there were two Jewish temples there, the last of which was destroyed by the Romans in 70.

Near the Damascus Gate, Palestinian protesters threw stones, bottles and fireworks at the security forces, according to police. According to media reports, the police used rubber bullets, tear gas and stun grenades.

Tense situation since Ramadan

Protests also broke out in the Palestinian Gaza Strip. Militant Palestinians are said to have fired at least one missile from the coastal area at Israel, which hit open terrain, the military announced. In street battles between Palestinians and the Israeli police, at least 205 Palestinians and 18 police officers were injured the previous evening in Jerusalem.

The protests that broke out last Friday in this year's fasting month of Ramadan were sparked by the foreseeable eviction of the houses of Palestinian families in the East Jerusalem district of Sheikh Jarrah. The land on which they live is claimed by Jewish settlers. The dispute between the settlers and the Palestinian families continues before the Israeli Supreme Court.

Criticism of Israel

Several Arab countries condemned the recent clashes between Israeli security forces and Palestinians over the weekend. Sudan described the crackdown on Palestinians in East Jerusalem on Saturday evening as "repression" and "coercive measures". Khartoum called on the Israeli government "to refrain from unilateral steps that reduce the chances of the resumption of peace negotiations." Morocco, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates also criticized the recent flare-up of violence.

The Emirates and Bahrain condemned the storming of the Al-Aqsa mosque by Israeli security forces and the crackdown on believers, including women and children. Abu Dhabi called on the Israeli authorities to de-escalate the situation. The government in Bahrain called on Israel to "end the provocations against the people of Jerusalem."

Morocco expressed "deep concern" about the violence and the possible worsening of the conflict. Saudi Arabia's Foreign Ministry said it opposed the threat of Israeli evictions from Palestinian households and called for the pre-1967 borders to be restored. Israel occupied eastern Jerusalem in the 1967 Six Day War and annexed it in 1980. The annexation is not recognized internationally. (APA, May 9, 2021)