What is stylistics in linguistics

"Style: Oral or written use of the language characterized by the selection of all linguistic means. The selection depends on the purpose (see functional style, genre style), and the combination is subject to the rules of the language in question, the style itself and historical social changes. "(231)

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"Stylistics,alsoStylistic: Science of style. The S. examines the rules for selecting and combining linguistic means for a specific purpose and their effect. It has an overarching character for literary studies and aesthetics. Linguistics provides the basis for the analysis of the stylistic use of linguistic means both through the systematic description of the linguistic elements and their relationships and through the description of the properties of natural languages ​​in general. The S. developed in the 19th century by separating from rhetoric into an independent scientific discipline. Its theoretical foundation took place in the 20th century parallel to the further development of linguistics. "(232)

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"Functional style: Use of linguistic means in a certain area of ​​communication; corresponds to a characteristic social function. Types: F. of institutional traffic (see official style), F. of science, F. of see everyday speech, F. of beautiful literature, F. of journalism and press. For every F. the combination of a series of obligatory or optional stylistic traits is characteristic. The number and delimitation of the functional styles is controversial, especially the existence of an independent functional style in journalism and the press is being questioned. See. Genre style. "(77)

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"Genre style: Use of linguistic means within a functional style. The following genre styles belong to the functional style of public life: official style, style of the judiciary, style of diplomatic relations, style of commercial relations. Each G. is characterized by specific stylistic features. A comprehensive system of genre styles and the obligatory or optional stylistic features to be assigned to them is still being worked out. "(79)

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"Official style: Functional style of public life for the transmission of official (official) information. The A. is characterized by the following stylistic features: 1. Impersonality and objectivity, 2. Concise brevity, 3. Clarity. In the absence of convincing evidence, the defendant was acquitted. Because of various excesses (clumsy constructions, accumulation of analytical connections, bulge) the term A. is often used with a pejorative coloring (bureaucratic style). "(24f.)

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"Everyday speechorEveryday language: Communication of non-official everyday traffic for the transmission of personal or factual information as well as for the expression of speaker attitudes towards people and facts. In functional stylistics, the A. is identified as a special s. Functional style (style of A.). The following stylistic traits are characteristic of the A.: informality and looseness, subjectivity and expressivity, concreteness and imagery, abundance of expression (redundancy) and economy of expression (situation-related savings). The - mostly dialogical - A. is highly dependent on the conversation situation; In addition, the level of education and social status of the communication partners play an important role: No, you know the Mayers have bought such things again! - The equation of A. and colloquial language must be viewed as questionable. While the colloquial language represents the intermediary link between the dialect and the common language, the A. denotes the non-official form of language use. "(22)